Native americans and european colonists essay

native american and colonist conflicts

These Natives used nature to their advantage, and lived in harmony with other tribes, having strong family ties. Cortes' conquest of Mexico is one example of this type of encounter.

British and native american relations

Member tribes made their own decisions, some fighting with the British, some with the colonists, some remaining neutral. Timothy H. Metacom, also known as Metacomet, was a leader of the Wampanoag tribe. French colonists also established an outpost at Mobile on the Gulf Coast in However, when it became apparent that these new lands were inhibited the motives changed, and then the natives were colonized, abused, and in many cases killed. In addition, the natives had to store seeds, manage harvests, and distribute surplus crops, all of which required complex social and political organization. That will be our story next week. In the forests that bordered the tobacco and rice fields, slaves hunted rabbits, opossums, raccoons, squirrels, and other small game, perhaps employing snares and other trapping techniques perfected in Africa. The British might not have won that war without the support of the League of the Iroquois. The Indians understood nature and were at peace with it. Jamestown, Virginia settled in with the ambition of extracting wealth form the land, whether by collecting gold or farming and selling harvests.

As a result, everyone fought against the Iroquois. Africans brought crucial environmental knowledge to southern fields and forests. The Indians helped the settlers by teaching them how to plant crops and survive on the land.

First native american european encounter

This idea was foreign to the Indians. Second, like humans everywhere, their presence on the landscape had profound implications for the natural world. Trade, however, was more than simply an economic enterprise. The introduction of European diseases to American Indians was an accident that no one expected. Their refusal to conform to European culture angered the colonists and hostilities soon broke out between the two groups. Next were the mestizos and mulattoes, people of Spanish and Native American or African lineage. Generosity—not individual wealth—conferred status, fostered allegiances, and helped maintain the communal good.

Free-roaming livestock had to be protected from native predators, especially wolves. Though such practices might indeed promote sound environmental practices, they could also have the opposite effect.

native american relations with colonists

Third was the deterioration of Native American cultures by virtue of loss of life, land, and persistent European efforts at forcing their "superior cultures" upon the natives.

Many students will not know that slaves had knowledge and skills that proved especially adaptable to the southern environment.

native american and european interactions

For example, some of the settlers carried the bacteria that caused smallpox, although they themselves did not get sick.

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Conflict Between Native Americans and Colonists