How to write a literature review analysis

A literature review: situates your research focus within the context of the wider academic community in your field; reports your critical review of the relevant literature; and identifies a gap within that literature that your research will attempt to address.

How to start a literature review

Rosen, Leonard J. Step 2: Decide on a topic It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M. Under this method, you would combine the recent studies on American whaling in the 19th century with Moby Dick itself in the category, even though the authors wrote a century apart. See page Evaluating sources In assessing each source, consideration should be given to: What is the author's expertise in this particular field of study credentials? Thematic: Thematic reviews of literature are organized around a topic or issue, rather than the progression of time. Here are a few examples of questions to pose for each item that you might include in your review: Who funded the research studies? However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. If you attend a conference or workshop with a wider group of people, perhaps from other universities, you can take the opportunity to ask other attendees for recommendations of articles or books relevant to your area of research. Questions to Consider When deciding what information to include in the literature review, it is important to look critically at each article, book, or other form of information.

Gaps: what is missing from the literature? Read and evaluate the sources and to determine their suitability to the understanding of topic at hand see the Evaluating sources section.

literature review outline

Put in only what is necessary. They may already have copies of articles that you can work with. You can also use this method to consider what is currently of interest to scholars in this field and what is not. The subsections might include how they are personified, how their proportions are exaggerated, and their behaviors misunderstood.

But there is relatively no continuity among subjects here. What types of sources books, journal articles, websites? It could be from five sources at first year undergraduate level to more than fifty for a thesis.

Components of literature review pdf

Your lecturer will advise you on these details. Creating a synthesis is, in effect, like building interpretation upon interpretation. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, How might your research add to this understanding, or challenge existing theories and beliefs? There may also be key sources of publications for your subject that are accessible electronically, such as collections of policy documents, standards, archive material, videos, and audio-recordings. Thus, while ambient sexism accounted for some of the masculine bias, sexist language amplified the effect. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts. Components of the literature review The literature review should include the following: Objective of the literature review Overview of the subject under consideration. Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. It might give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations. For example, you could use a table to display the key differences between two or more: possible theoretical perspectives;. For the sperm whale project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of whales in American, British, and French art work. It can be helpful to make an annotated bibliography, where you compile full citation information and write a paragraph of summary and analysis for each source. As you read widely but selectively in your topic area, consider instead what themes or issues connect your sources together. Conclusion Your conclusion should give a summary of: the main agreements and disagreements in the literature any gaps or areas for further research your overall perspective on the topic.

Increased ease of access to a wider range of published material has also increased the need for careful and clear critique of sources. What are the differences and similarities between the sources?

Simon and Schuster Handbook for Writers. Here is an example of a recent literature review published as a scholarly journal article: Ledesma, M.

Sample literature review for research paper

If you attend a conference or workshop with a wider group of people, perhaps from other universities, you can take the opportunity to ask other attendees for recommendations of articles or books relevant to your area of research. While the study focuses on one topic, harpoon technology, it will still be organized chronologically. How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. What materials? Why do we write literature reviews? The rule I follow is to quote only when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that I am making. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the research? What were the authors trying to discover? How relevant is this article to my specific topic? At university you may be asked to write a literature review in order to demonstrate your understanding of the literature on a particular topic.
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Guidelines for writing a literature review