Child labour literature review

article on child labour

Pratham is India's largest non-governmental organisation with the mission 'every child in school and learning well. Elders relax at home and live on the labour of poor helpless children.

This would deter employees from employing them underage. The ILO took its first stance in by setting the minimum age for work. They are enrolled in schools but they hardly attend schools as they migrate out for more than four months every year to work in cotton seed farms 1.

Any failure on the part of India to identify, release and rehabilitate bonded workers suitably would be considered a violation of Article 21, protection of life and personal liberty. Results A total of 25 studies were identified, the majority of which were cross-sectional.

Engagement of children or adolescents in work with no influence on their health and schooling is usually regarded positive. Every child has the right to grow up in a safe and nurturing environment with protection and guidance from their guardians.

Child labour literature review

This Act has excluded a vast section of toiling children in the unorganized sectors, as over 90 percent of the labour force in India is accounted for by the unorganized sectors of production. Only studies written in English were considered. The Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act was enacted based on the recommendations of the committee in The ILO took its first stance in by setting the minimum age for work. They are considered as trainees but they work full time. In January , the National Child labour Projects scheme has been expanded to districts in 21 different Indian states, covering 42 per cent of all districts of the country Census. Search was restricted to publications from year onwards. In , India was the first country to join The International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour, a global programme launched by the International Labour Organization a year before.

Article 41 directs India, within its economic capacity and development, to endeavour to secure the right to education. Various Laws against Child Labour The Constitution of India,as amended in states that India shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years article 21a.

In line with this framework, UNICEF India, in partnership with central and state governments, as well as with NGOs and other key groups, is implementing initiatives aimed to build a protective environment in which children can live and develop according to their fundamental rights.

child labor

Adults often find it difficult to find jobs because factory owners find it more beneficial to employ children at cheap rates. The Child Labour Prohibition Act and Regulation Act, expressly forbids the employment of children persons who have not completed their fourteenth year of age in certain listed occupations and processes, such as carpet weaving, which are deemed hazardous.

Methods We searched PubMed and ScienceDirect for studies that included participants aged 18 years or less, conducted in low- and middle-income countries LMICsand reported quantitative data.

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Literature Review of Child Labour