Based on kolbergs scale
Kohlbergs stages of moral development examples
Accordingly, one might expect thinking about moral issues to continue to develop throughout adolescence. The individual now takes into consideration a larger perspective, that of societal laws. Each level has two sub-stages. The child asks, "what's in it for me? Children, regardless of their beliefs, will always move to stage 4 thinking some time after stage 1 thinking because it is cognitively so much more sophisticated. After different actions to test the appropriateness of the items, an instrument with 12 items was finally chosen to be suitable to have in the instrument. In addition, studies have revealed that comprehension of the stages is cumulative e. This seems to be a fair degree of consistency, suggesting the stages may reflect general modes of thought. Since she believes that women's conceptions of care and affiliation are embedded in real-life situations, she has interviewed women facing a personal crisis--the decision to have an abortion. Through these interviews, Gilligan has tried to show that women move from a conventional to a postconventional mode of thinking. Piaget's two stages of moral development were the basis for Kohlberg's six stages Bookrags. Whereas Piaget basically found two stages of moral thinking, the second of which emerges in early adolescence, Kohlberg has uncovered additional stages which develop well into adolescence and adulthood. So he wants to show how each new stage provides a broader framework for dealing with moral issues.
One line of moral thought focuses on logic, justice, and social organization, the other on interpersonal relationships. Jones took the car by force. Doing the right thing is obeying authority and avoiding punishment.
Good Interpersonal Relationships.
Kohlbergs stages of moral development ages
Stage 3: Good Boy, Nice Girl Orientation In stage 3, children want the approval of others and act in ways to avoid disapproval. Kohlberg has taught at the University of Chicago and, since , has been at Harvard University. Those that do not promote the general welfare should be changed when necessary to meet the greatest good for the greatest number of people. Other moral and political cultures may not believe in certain principles. However, they perceive it differently. A higher score indicates a higher degree of moral development. Stage 6: Universal Principles. Individuals are receptive to approval or disapproval from others as it reflects society's views.
For example, there is no guarantee that a boy who is coded at stage 3 at age 13 actually passed through stages 1 and 2 in order when he was younger. That is, he interviewed different children at various ages to see if the younger ones were at lower stages than the older ones.
Now the emphasis is on obeying laws, respecting authority, and performing one's duties so that the social order is maintained. Thus stage 4 subordinates a concern for motives to a wider concern for the society as a whole.
The evidence for distinct stages of moral development looks very weak, and some would argue that behind the theory is a culturally biased belief in the superiority of American values over those of other cultures and societies. Ethical considerations Written permission for doing the research with students as respondents was obtained from the current leaders at the university college.
For example, children seem to advance to stage 2, overcoming their egocentrism in the moral sphere, only after they have made equivalent progress in their logical and social thought.
There are other criticisms of Kohlberg's work. At stage 6, in contrast, a commitment to justice makes the rationale for civil disobedience stronger and broader. As mentioned earlier, there are similarities between Kohlberg's first three stages and Piaget's two stages. The dilemmas are artificial i.
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