Members were allowed to use their individual rank order of survival items as input during the collective discussion. Understanding when cooperation flourishes is of both theoretical and practical interest as our species faces environmental and societal challenges that may only be solved by working together 45.
Finally, we assigned subordinate roles to peer members in the formal leadership condition, whereas we assigned team member roles to peer members in the no formal leadership condition. Linearity scores can range from 0 all influence relations are intransitive to 1 all influence relations are transitive.
While this form of cooperation is not altruistic nobody necessarily incurs a cost for cooperatingchoosing with whom to cooperate and under what conditions to invest limited resources into cooperation poses a significant challenge for our species and others 89 Each post will explore one of these structures and then I'll provide a final summary post on all five.
When everybody had read the instructions, a supervisor read them aloud and verbally confirmed that everybody had understood the rules of the game. Subsequently, we distributed four questionnaires at the end of every week, which contained our measures of formal leadership style and informal hierarchy strength.