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Background At the level of individual use, both legal alcohol, tobacco and illegal amphetamine, cannabis, and cocaine psychotropics have a well-documented, short- and long-term impact on young people's health.
Historically, males have tended to receive more stimulants, "but the sex gap has narrowed, and SSRI prevalence by sex was approximately equal between males and females in " [[ 14 ], p.
The factor connecting the substance use and antisocial behavior disorders was labeled externalization, to describe the propensity to express distress outwards that unites these disorders. Although there is a lot of literature on pattern of psychotropic prescription in adults, there is very little of it on children, particularly from India.
Although the use of psychotropic medication in preschool-aged children compared with older youths is relatively small, the reports cited argue for additional assessment to more systematically estimate its use. Nonstimulant medications were more often used along with stimulant medications and were frequently prescribed in association with ADHD after controlling for other disorders.
Table 5: Number of psychotropics prescribed versus comorbidity Click here to view Risperidone was prescribed in Some antidepressants sertraline and fluvoxamine have been approved for OCD but not depression in school-age children [[ 5 ]p.
However, commentators have argued that prescribing is influenced by five myths: 1 children are little adults; 2 children have no reason to develop depression or anxiety; 3 psychiatric disorders are the same across adults and children; 3 children can be prescribed lower doses of the same drug; 5 drugs are preferable to alternative treatments and are more successful.
Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The science of amphetamines.